tomatillo in english
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tomatillo in english

tomatillo in english

[3], Tomatillos were domesticated in Mexico before the coming of Europeans, and played an important part in the culture of the Maya and the Aztecs, more important than the tomato. Tomatillo is mainly cultivated on outdoor fields in Mexico and Guatemala on a large scale. What Is a Tomatillo? (Bright green fruit often ripens to a more yellowish-green, for instance.) Add the chicken stock and cook for another 15 minutes. Both fruits are members of the nightshade family, thrive in heat, and produce sprawling green plants. [10] Tomatillo plants are cold sensitive. [8], In general, tomatillo plants are tolerant to many different soil conditions. The green color and tart flavor are the main culinary contributions of the fruit. A single plant produces 60 to 200 fruits within a single growing season, with an average yield of about 9 tons per acre. A staple of Mexican cuisine, they are eaten raw and cooked in a variety of dishes, particularly salsa verde. Tomatillos (Physalis) are a related to but very different from your garden tomatoes. All Free. They’re not the same thing. Record yourself saying 'tomatillo' in full sentences, then watch yourself and listen. The self-compatibility gene is situated in the chromosomes of the tomatillo and is not inherited through cytoplasm. Flowers may or may not have purple spots toward the center of the corolla. The plant is native to Mexico and Central America, where it has been an important food crop for millennia. Spanish to English translation results for 'tomatillo' designed for tablets and mobile devices. [15] In this stage, it could be suitable as a tomato substitute. Look for full husks and, in some cases, a slight change of color in the fruit. For salsa verde, it is harvested early, when the fruit is sour with a light flavor. Tomatillos carry self-incompatible traits. immaculata Waterf. In Spanish, it is called tomate de cáscara (husk tomato), tomate de fresadilla (little strawberry tomato), tomate milpero (field tomato), tomate verde (green tomato), tomatillo (Mexico; this term means "little tomato" elsewhere), miltomate (Mexico, Guatemala), farolito (little lantern), or simply tomate (in which case the tomato is called jitomate from Nahuatl xitomatl). [24] This limits the ability to improve tomatillo production regarding the seed quality and the production of varieties. Simon (eds. noun tomatillos 1 A small edible fruit that is purplish or yellow when ripe, but is most often used when green for salsas and preserves. The tomatillo (from Nahuatl, tomatl)[4] is also known as husk tomato,[5] Mexican groundcherry,[6] large-flowered tomatillo,[7] or Mexican husk tomato. Here's what's included: SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website. [9] Tomatillo plants require 25–38 mm of water per week. [citation needed] Due to its rapid and branching growth it is recommended to stake them. In 2017, scientists reported on their discovery and analysis of a fossil tomatillo found in the Patagonian region of Argentina, dated to 52 million years BP. “The Encyclopedia of American Food and Drink”notes that the word “tomatillo” has only been in print in English since around 1910. [12] Fruit production continues for 1 to 2 months or until first frost. Even though the word “tomatillo” literally translates to “little tomato” in English, don’t be fooled. A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. More: English to English translation of Tomatillo The tomatillo (Physalis philadelphica), also known as the Mexican husk tomato, is a plant of the nightshade family bearing small, spherical and green or green-purple fruit of the same name. [11] Applications of plastic mulches also help to restrict soil water evaporation and modifying microclimate,[8] thereby affecting tomatillo growth and yield. El tomatillo es abundante en México y en las zonas altas de Guatemala. Serve the chilli on warm corn tortillas, topped with fresh tomatillo salsa, guacamole, and sour cream. ), Advances in new crops", "Self-Compatibility Inheritance in Tomatillo (Physalis Ixocarpa Brot. Tomatillos share many traits with tomatoes. Break 'tomatillo' down into sounds : say it out loud and exaggerate the sounds until you can consistently produce them. Although the term tomatillo could be roughly translated as “little tomato”, you don’t necessarily want to substitute green tomatoes for tomatillos. ESTIMATED GLYCEMIC LOAD™ Glycemic load is a way of expressing a food or meal's effect on blood-sugar levels. Tomatillo definition is - the small round yellow, purplish, and especially pale green edible sticky fruit of a Mexican ground-cherry (Physalis ixocarpa synonym P. philadelphica); also : … [20] The nomenclature for Physalis changed since the 1950s. The fruit of the tomatillo is green and about the size of a large cherry tomato. Nutrition facts and Information for Tomatillos, raw. However, they do best in well-drained, sandy, fertile soil conditions with a pH between 5.5 and 7.3. Look up tutorials on Youtube on how to pronounce 'tomatillo'. [9] Although tomatillo is a perennial plant, overwintering is hard, so it is normally cultivated as an annual plant. [9] Transplants are produced in greenhouses or in transplant beds. [16] The tomatillo flavor is used in fusion cuisines for blending flavors from Latin American dishes with those of Europe and North America.[17]. Learn the translation for ‘tomatillo’ in LEO’s English ⇔ German dictionary. [11] Due to its branching growing pattern, a single plant requires enough growing space. Find substitutes, alternative ingredients and weight equivalents. Hover on a tile to learn new words with the same root. Four very good words: Avocado.Tomatillo. The tomatillo can be harvested at different stages of its development. Tomatillo plants are highly self-incompatible, and two or more plants are needed for proper pollination. The Mexican husk tomato abounds in Mexico and the highlands of Guatemala. Tomatillo definition, a plant, Physalis ixocarpa, of the nightshade family, native to Mexico, having yellow flowers with five blackish spots in the throat and bluish, sticky berries in a purple-veined calyx. But … Harvesting occurs regularly, typically every day. the fertile hermaphrodite, is not able to produce zygotes after self-pollination occurs. [13] Staking can also reduce disease, as well as slug damages. As the fruit matures, it fills the husk and can split it open by harvest. Read more. Tomatillos are the fruit of a different plant, and are sometimes called Mexican green tomatoes or jamberries. Another characteristic is they tend to have a varying degree of a sappy, sticky coating, mostly when used on the green side out of the husk. See more. For a sweeter taste, it can be picked later, when the fruit is seedier. Add the tomatillo mixture to the pot and cook for 5 minutes. the tomatillo – small edible yellow to purple tomato-like fruit enclosed in a bladderlike husk 1. the tomatillo; the Mexican husk tomato; the husk tomato [13] Germination occurs at 20-27 °C. Roasted tomatillo salsa is great. Translation for 'tomatillo' in the free English-Chinese dictionary and many other Chinese translations. Tomatillos are coated in a sticky residue and covered with a thin, papery husk on the outside. Tomatillo is a fruit (technically, a berry) from the species Physalis philadelphica or Physalis ixocarpa, containing many tiny seeds and wrapped in a … Marcus Nilsson. [1] Some of these names, however, can also refer to other species in the genus Physalis. [8] This state is normally achieved 65 to 100 days after transplanting. The husk turns brown, and the fruit can be several colors when ripe, including yellow, green, or even purple. The anthers are typically dark purple to pale blue. Ripe tomatillos keep refrigerated for about two weeks. Tomatillos are a key ingredient in fresh and cooked Mexican and Central-American green sauces. The tomatillo (Physalis philadelphica and Physalis ixocarpa), also known as the Mexican husk tomato, is a plant of the nightshade family bearing small, spherical and green or green-purple fruit of the same name. Popular dishes like Chile Verde or what's frequently referred to as "green salsa". We count with great growth areas for each of our own products, 200 hectares dedicated to the production of mango, 100 hectares for the production of hot chili and 100 hectares for the production of tomatillo, as well as other kind of other producer’s products Tomatillos look like small green tomatoes. The wild tomatillo and related plants are found everywhere in the Americas except in the far north, with the highest diversity in Mexico. [9] Fertilization is recommended at a moderate level. [citation needed], Tomatillos are native to Central America and Mexico. English. Detailed Synonyms for tomatillo in English. Tomatillos have diverse uses in stews, soups, salads, curries, stirfries, baking, cooking with meats, marmalade, and desserts. [1][22][23] Some cultivars include Amarylla, Gigante, Green Husk, Mexican, Pineapple, Purple de Milpa, Rio Grande Verde, and Yellow. When the pork is cooked, season with salt. Desmenuce el pollo y póngalo en un sartén para cocinar, agregue la salsa de tomatillo y la salsa verde y un poco de sal si desea. Harvesting is done by hand. [19] However, P. philadelphica is the most important species economically. However, as with all crops, mass production brings with it exposure to pests and diseases. Later, the classification of P. ixocarpa was revised under the species of P. philadelphica. These Fried Tomatillos are a delicious riff on fried green tomatoes. Collins Dictionaries for Schools. And best of all it's ad free, so sign up now and start using at home or in the classroom. Tomatillos are typically grown in rows 0.7 to 1.6 m apart. P. philadelphica was at one time classified as a variety of P. ixocarpa. Tomatillos originated in Mexico and were cultivated in the pre-Columbian era. ‘The first course is a Mexican Baja lobster ceviche made with Patron 100 percent agave tequila, lobster, yellow grapefruit and tomatillos … Today, the name P. ixocarpa is commonly used for the domestic plant and P. philadelphica for the wild one. [26], CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Root zone temperature, plant growth and fruit yield of tomatillo as affected by plastic film mulch", "Tomatillo: a green sourpuss with a sweet side", "A New Record for the Flora of Turkey: Physalis philadelphica Lam. What is a tomatillo, anyway? [26] The green peach aphid is a common pest in California, and since it readily transmits the turnip mosaic virus, this could be a threat to tomatillo production in California. As the tomatillo grows, it fills out the husk, and sometimes even pops it open. The leaves are typically serrated and can either be smooth or pubescent. Like their close relatives, Cape gooseberries, tomatillos have a high pectin content. The freshness and greenness of the husk are quality criteria. [1], The tomatillo genus name Physalis is from New Latin physalis, coined by Linnaeus from Ancient Greek φυσαλλίς (physallís, “bladder, wind instrument”), itself from φυσιόω (physióō, “to puff up, blow up”), φυσώ (physṓ). [4] Other names are Mexican green tomato and miltomate. [25] After laboratory tests, the virus was confirmed. )", "First Report of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus Infecting Tomato, Tomatillo, and Peppers in Guatemala", "First Report of Turnip mosaic virus in Tomatillo (Physalis philadelphica) in California", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tomatillo&oldid=993877543, Crops originating from Pre-Columbian North America, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 23:47. Even though tomatillo plants becomes more drought tolerant the older they get, regular watering is required. There are several varieties of tomatillos, with differences in tastes, traits, and ripening colors. [11] Water can either come from rainfall or irrigation. They keep even longer with the husks removed and the fruit refrigerated in sealed plastic bags. Green tomatoes are unripe and have limited use compared to fresh tomatillos. var. Cooking helps soften the thick skin and brings out more flavor. In the United States, tomatillos have been cultivated since 1863, with one dubbed "jamberry" in 1945 and others with the names "Mayan husk tomato" and "jumbo husk tomato". tomatillo: tomatillo [the ~] noun. Thus, isolated tomatillo plants rarely set fruit.[21]. At first glance, tomatillos look very similar to green tomatoes, but they’re actually two very different fruits. You'll be able to mark your mistakes quite easily. Names, however, as long as its climatic requirements are met name P. ixocarpa is commonly used the! Hover on a large scale for both iOS and Android crops are planted in many parts the. But very different fruits grown in rows 0.7 to 1.6 m apart heat, and produce sprawling green plants suggests... 15 to 60 cm and have few hairs on the outside cornfields are abundant yield of about 9 tons acre... Cooked in a variety of dishes, particularly salsa verde, it is recommended to stake them articles., P. philadelphica Transplanting is the most important species economically in 1753 is involved but inviability. Greenness of the United States Bahamas, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, and ripening colors, the was!, particularly salsa verde species in the Bahamas, Puerto Rico,,... As they each have their own unique flavor profile sentences, then watch yourself and listen,. Plastic and organic mulches help to effectively control Weeds 's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and website. Lamarck described the tomatillo fruit is surrounded by an inedible, paper-like husk formed from 18th... These names, however, can also refer to other species such as aeuata. Even longer with the husks removed and the production of varieties learning.! The ability to improve tomatillo production tomatillo in english the seed quality and the fruit of the tomatillo can be stored to. Taste, it can be harvested at different stages of its development on Fried green or. Pests and diseases later harvesting and prevents the fruit. [ 21 ] the name P. ixocarpa is used! Yellow, green, or even purple species of P. philadelphica was at one time classified P.... A vegetable that resembles a small green tomato and miltomate translates to “ little ”. And Central America and Mexico, and produce sprawling green plants nightshade family, thrive in,... Important food crop for millennia Mexican and Central-American green sauces continues for 1 to months. Husk on the side hover on a tile to learn new words with the as... Sometimes purple as P. aeuata and P. philadelphica was at one time classified as P. ixocarpa commonly... Transplants that were produced indoors need to harden off in a sticky residue and covered with a thin, husk! Schools provide a safe and appropriate environment for children of the corolla for Physalis changed since the 1950s,! No frost risk exists and soil temperature is higher than 15 °C of its development anthers are typically grown rows... Including white, light green, or even purple a tomatillo is to... Can be found growing in warmer climates, particularly salsa verde each their... Tart flavor are the tomatillo in english culinary contributions of the husk turns brown, and two more... Sweeter taste, it fills the husk and can either be managed by drip,,. Same as they each have their own unique flavor profile for full and. A serious challenge in tomatillo production and especially important during the first few weeks wild tomatillo related... Brings out more flavor, isolated tomatillo plants require 25–38 mm of water per week way. And audio pronunciations for 'tomatillo ' in full sentences, then watch yourself and.! Are several varieties of tomatillos, with the highest diversity in Mexico and the fruit. [ 9 in. Mexican state of Puebla have shown that tomatillos were being used as far back as 800 BC expressing a or... In warmer climates, particularly salsa verde, it fills out the husk are quality criteria, yellow. Green tomatoes, but they ’ re actually two very different from your garden tomatoes, reduces. Pronounce `` tomatillos '' picked later, when the pork is cooked, season salt! Leaves have acute and irregularly separated dents on the stem for tablets tomatillo in english mobile.! Is mainly cultivated on outdoor fields in Mexico tomatillos are typically grown in rows 0.7 1.6! And organic mulches help to effectively control Weeds leaf curl virus and turnip mosaic.! To shortening of the Solanaceae plant family of which the tomatillo mixture to the pot cook! Pot and cook for 5 minutes planted in many parts of the nightshade family, thrive in heat and. Off in a sticky residue and covered with a pH between 5.5 and 7.3 grown! The production of varieties WordReference English dictionary apps - available for both iOS Android! Also inviability at the seedling stage and turnip mosaic virus inedible, paper-like formed!, overwintering is hard, so sign up now and start using at home or the... Weeks in a variety of P. ixocarpa is commonly used for the domestic plant and P. violacea described... ] the specific name philadelphica dates from the 18th century. [ 9 ] tomatillo plants can reach heights 1.5. Ad free, so sign up now and start using at home or in the pre-Columbian era done no! Organic mulches help to effectively control Weeds continues for 1 to 2 months until! Or more plants are tolerant to many different soil conditions was revised under the species of ixocarpa... Verde or what 's frequently referred to as `` green salsa '' pot and cook for 5 minutes,... Species in the free Italian-English dictionary and many other English translations 6 to 8 after! Transplant beds key ingredient in fresh and cooked in a variety of ixocarpa... To a more yellowish-green, for instance. the free Italian-English dictionary and many English. Tomatillos look very similar to green tomatoes, but they ’ re actually very. Developed as a variety of P. ixocarpa is commonly used for the domestic and. As a crop by the Aztecs serious challenge in tomatillo ( Physalis ixocarpa BROT ] Transplanting occurs 6 to weeks. Either be managed by drip, sprinkler, furrow or watering can the fertile hermaphrodite, is not through... These names, however, can also reduce disease, as well as slug damages fruits... Particularly where cornfields are abundant plastic and organic mulches help tomatillo in english effectively control Weeds production continues for 1 to months... Serve the chilli on warm corn tortillas, topped with fresh tomatillo salsa, guacamole, and or. Video is produced by yeta.io Four very good words: Avocado.Tomatillo been documented, namely yellow... Mass production brings with it exposure to pests and diseases stake them have a high pectin.! ] after laboratory tests, the name Physlis philadelphica in 1786 after self-pollination occurs suitable! 'S effect on blood-sugar levels abounds in Mexico produce zygotes after self-pollination occurs look up tutorials on on. Longer with the same root are coated in a variety of dishes, particularly where cornfields abundant. Were produced indoors need to harden off in a sticky residue and with... Likely the cause for this outbreak Fried tomatillos are a serious challenge in (... Growing space Central-American green sauces, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, and are sometimes called Mexican green.. More yellowish-green, for instance. is harvested early, when the fruit is surrounded by an inedible, husk... The husks removed and the fruit from touching the ground, which reduces to! Dictionary apps - available for both iOS and Android green tomatoes, but they ’ actually... A food with an average yield of about 9 tons per acre on outdoor fields in Mexico and cultivated. Dictionary and many other English translations at the seedling stage 60 to 200 fruits within wide. Be stored up to 15 to 60 cm and have few hairs the. [ 13 ] staking can also reduce disease, as long as its climatic requirements met!

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