b24 vs b17 range and payload
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b24 vs b17 range and payload

b24 vs b17 range and payload

It was that very factor that had led the chief planners at Army Air Forces Headquarters in Washington, DC, to conclude that the B-24 was the only type that could possibly fly what was to be the most dangerous and ambitious heavy-bomber mission of World War II. Ironically, the RAF chose to operate the airplane under exactly the same conditions that many U.S. Army Air Corps officers were claiming was possible with the B-17, even though the U.S. training curriculum called for operations at considerably lower altitudes. Many B-17 battle-damage pictures show holes in—and even sections gone from—the vertical stabilizer, otherwise known as the “tail,” an airfoil, the sole purpose of which is to keep the nose of the airplane tracking straight; however, there are pictures of B-24s maintaining formation with one of their twin vertical stabilizers shot completely away—and one famous Liberator suffered the loss of both when it was struck by a British Lancaster bomber, yet it returned to the United States for a War Bond Tour. The fall of France led to the cancellation of deliveries of all airplanes destined for France, and the Liberators, which had been designated as LB-30s, were diverted for British use. Your selected aircraft are compared in side-by-side arrangement below. The terrible losses of August 17 were repeated on October 14 when a 360-plane force of B-17s went back to Schweinfurt and 60 failed to return. It had a longer range and greater payload. This was only a handful of battle-weary B-17s. One of the most frequently discussed arguments to come out of World War II is which was the “better” bomber, the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress or the Consolidated B-24 Liberator? The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is a four-engined heavy bomber developed in the 1930s for the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC). The HALPRO squadron and Tenth Air Force B-17s went to Palestine where they were joined by more B-24s to make up the nucleus of what would become the Ninth Air Force Bomber Command. As the war moved northward, Far East Air Forces Liberators began attacking the Japanese homeland. The B-24s in Africa performed well as they went against German and Italian targets. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. The one area in which the B-17 had better performance, at least in theory, was that the airplane’s lighter weight allowed it to operate at higher altitudes. First deployed in February 1941, a lack of power quartered its bomb load during long range flights and performance issues meant that it sustained particularly heavy casualties. U.S. military leaders blamed the failure on the British having elected to use the airplane to bomb from very high altitudes, which led to unforeseen problems: frozen guns, frosted-over windshields, and oxygen failure. He wrote it at a time when the War Department was in the process of cutting back on aircraft production and was making the decision as to which types to continue in production. of bombs, including the huge (22000 lb.!) Both the Flying Fortress and the Liberator were equipped with engines that were flat-rated at 1,200 shaft horsepower each at takeoff—for a total of 4,800 hp on an airplane with all engines running. The Fifth Air Force converted a B-17 into an executive transport for General MacArthur’s personal use. The first B-17 missions were flown in September 1942 to Rouen, France. Groups that operated both types flew 9.85 percent of the sorties and took 4.14 percent of the losses. However, in the wake of the Doolittle Raid, Burma fell and a massive Japanese offensive in China led to the loss of the region from which the bombers were to operate. It is possible that later variants with more powerful Merlins could have carried a … This question is about one of the most misunderstood comparisons in all of aviation history. B17 0 vote(s) 0.0% B24 11 vote(s) 100.0% Page 1 of 2 1 2 Next > german mauser k98k man Member. Senior Air Corps strategists wanted a long-range bomber with a 5,000-mile range, a concept that led to the design and development of the B-15 and then to the even more ambitious B-19. The 19th had been in continuous combat since December 8, 1941, and was already worn out. Much of the flying was over water, which reduced the exposure of the bomber crews to flak to a small percentage of mission time in comparison to the constant exposure faced by Eighth Air Force crews prior to the Normandy invasion. B-24 carried a bigger bomb load, was a tad faster and had more range. The huge stabilizer of the B-17 presented a target for rounds that would miss the smaller tail of a B-24. Gen. Billy Mitchell and was a widely held view among the officers of the Army Air Corps, though future events would later prove it to have been unfounded. Click to see full answer Simply so, how many bombs did a b17 carry? Within four months after the letter was sent to Washington, the last B-17 to be built by Boeing rolled off the assembly line. Yet, in spite of the heavier airframe of the B-24, it was considerably faster than comparable models of the B-17 and carried a similar payload over longer distances and a considerably larger one on shorter legs. As it turned out, the force mix of B-24s and B-17s was exactly reversed from that of the bomber forces in Java. By mid-October the American heavy bomber force in Palestine consisted of 53 B-24s and only 10 B-17s. However, the circumstances of Doolittle’s letter are somewhat suspect. As far as stats go, the B-17G seems to be superior to the B-24 in most every way and there is no difference in the payload, yet the B-24 comes after the B-17 series. Deep raids were called off in mid-October 1943 and were not resumed until February 1944, when long-range escort fighters such as the P-51 Mustang became available. Children and grandchildren of B-17 veterans point to comments made by former Stars & Stripes reporter and modern TV personality Andy Rooney, to the effect that if he had to go into combat, he would have preferred to be in a B-17. of bombs maximum payload was 17,500lbs) and a speed of 287 mph. Shortly after the 44th entered combat, three squadrons of the veteran 93rd were sent south in support of the North African campaign while the fourth was placed on a special assignment. Because of their longer range, General George Brett recommended, in the fall of 1941, that several B-24s be redirected to British forces in North Africa from those scheduled to go to England. The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is a four-engine heavy bomber developed in the 1930s for the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC). Can someone give me a broad overview? • 35,000 ft (10,668 m) ceiling. The leadership of the Eighth was trying to prove that the prewar concept that the “bomber will always get through” was not ill-founded. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. Doolittle’s letter is interesting because he wrote it at a time when losses in his command had been declining for some time while his sister unit in the U.S. Strategic Air Forces in Europe, the Fifteenth Air Force, was continuing to sustain fairly heavy losses among its force of B-17s and B-24s. In fact, they were lower at 3.73 percent than nine of them and equal to two others, all but two of which entered combat after the 44th. save. The B24 was the most produced heavy bomber in history. When comparing the number of sorties flown and losses sustained by the two types, the difference is even greater. (Get the full details of this mission and many other pivotal moments in World War II history by subscribing.). The British were also given B-24s to try out, and while the results from the U.S. viewpoint were less than hoped for, the RAF did prefer the B-24 Liberator over the B-17 Flying Fortress because of its heavier payload capabilities. Oh, and it was made of wood. The B-17 Flying Fortress designed by Boeing orthe Consolidated B-24 Liberator? The heavier losses among Fifteenth Air Force groups were due in part to the longer missions over enemy territory, while two of the most heavily defended targets in Europe—the oil fields at Ploesti and aircraft factories at Wiener-Nuestad, Austria—lay within the Fifteenth’s area of responsibility. Attacks were aimed at the supply lines of the German Afrika Korps, particularly the ports and supply depots at Tobruk and Benghazi in Libya. After the B-17s proved ineffective in British hands, the Army Air Corps sought to determine why. This was only true with light payloads and reduced fuel, though. While the B-17s managed to hold their own in combat with the Japanese, design deficiencies, particularly in armament and armor, very quickly became apparent. They joined the two B-24 groups of the Ninth Air Force Bomber Command on a series of missions against targets along the Mediterranean, including Naples, Rome, and the German aircraft factories at Weiner-Neustadt in Austria. In the Pacific, both B-17s and B-24s were converted for transport use after they were replaced in combat units. Twenty-five other Liberators were lost from the two Ninth Air Force groups on the mission known as “Tidal Wave.”. The B17 was a sedate aircraft and placed fewer demands on the flight deck crew. Previously, the highest single-day loss had been 26 airplanes—all B-17s—lost on June 26. The LB-30s did not fare very well in combat in Java (neither did the B-17s) in large measure due to the inexperience of the crews. To base with large holes put there by flak or fighters the Halifax bombers by Boeing orthe Consolidated B-24 United! Registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws with enemy.. 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