messerschmitt bf 109 facts
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messerschmitt bf 109 facts

messerschmitt bf 109 facts

The Messerschmitt Bf 109 was a fighter aircraft usually called the Me 109. An alternative arrangement was also designed, consisting of a single autocannon firing through a blast tube between the cylinder banks of the engine, known as a Motorkanone mount in German. The Bf 109 first saw operational service during the Spanish Civil War and was still in service at the dawn of the jet age at the end of World War II, during which time it was the backbone of the Luftwaffe's fighter force. However, the improvements had not been fully tested and the He 112 V4 could not be demonstrated in accordance with the rules laid down by the Acceptance Commission, placing it at a distinct disadvantage. In November 1937, a Bf109 reached a speed of 379.38mph, breaking the high-speed record for a landplane. It was also flown by many aces from other Axis nations, notably the Finn Ilmari Juutilainen, the highest-scoring non-German ace. Messerschmitt, however, soon regained the lead when, on 26 April 1939, Flugkapitän Fritz Wendel, flying the Me 209 V1, set a new record of 755.14 km/h (469.22 mph). A smaller wing area was optimal for achieving high speed, but low-speed flight would suffer, as the smaller wing would require more airflow to generate enough lift to maintain flight. This left British pilots temporarily without power, a serious problem in a frantic aerial battle. This fast, maneuverable plane first entered service in 1938. However, the He 112 was also structurally complicated, being 18% heavier than the Bf 109, and it soon became clear that the thick wing, which spanned 12.6 m (41 ft 4 in) with an area of 23.2 m2 (249.7 ft2) on the first prototype (V1), was a disadvantage for a light fighter, decreasing the aircraft's rate of roll and manoeuvrability. In addition, the V4 had a single-piece, clear-view, sliding cockpit canopy and a more powerful Jumo 210Da engine with a modified exhaust system. Featured Listing. It does not include the United States, the United Kingdom, France and the Soviet Union, which all operated small numbers of captured aircraft for testing and evaluation (see: Messerschmitt Bf 109 operational history#Allied Bf 109s). [51] The initial production models of the A, B, C and D series were powered by the relatively low-powered, 670–700 PS (660–690 HP) Junkers Jumo 210 series engines. [4] It was conceived as an interceptor, although later models were developed to fulfill multiple tasks, serving as bomber escort, fighter-bomber, day-, night-, all-weather fighter, ground-attack aircraft, and reconnaissance aircraft. Some sources state one hundred and nine pilots were credited with more than 100 enemy aircraft. At the time of the Bf109’s creation, relations between Britain and Germany were still good. The definitive version of the Bf109 was the model E, affectionately known as the Emil. It was a well-armed plane that could be used as an interceptor, ground-attack plane, or fighter-bomber. One was that it carried cannons, while the British early war planes had only machine-guns firing rifle-caliber bullets. [79] One hundred and five Bf 109 pilots were each credited with the destruction of 100 or more enemy aircraft. ", "List of Israeli Air-to-Air Victories 1948–1966. Some Bf 109Fs were used late in the Battle of Britain in 1940 but the variant came into common use only in the first half of 1941. [69][64] Separately, Erla employed thousands of concentration camp prisoners at Buchenwald on 109 production. [2][3] Some of the Bf 109 production took place in Nazi concentration camps through slave labor. Messerschmitt Bf 109 F,G, & K Series by Jochen Prien, Peter Rodeike. [54] (Eight 109Es were assembled in Switzerland in 1946 by the Dornier-Werke, using licence built airframes; a ninth airframe was assembled using spare parts. [20] At least 10% of all Bf 109s were lost in takeoff and landing accidents, 1,500 of which occurred between 1939 and 1941. It has a glass fibre fuselage with built up wood wings. Ersätzteiliste Bf 109K, Rumpfwerk, Baugruppe 209.728. Made by Messerschmitt, it first flew in 1935, and was used by the Luftwaffe during the Spanish Civil War and throughout World War II. It also employed an electrical pitch regulator, which our planes didn't have. Most aircraft of the era used two spars, near the front and rear edges of the wings, but the D-box was much stiffer torsionally, and eliminated the need for the rear spar. Exhibit I – German Airplane Programs vs Actual Production. Soviet aviators nicknamed the Bf 109 "the skinny one" (худо́й, khudoy), for its sleek appearance compared, for example, to the more robust Fw 190. This topic is categorised under: Aircraft » Propeller » Messerschmitt Bf 109 Contemporary design practice was usually to have these main load-bearing structures mounted on different parts of the airframe, with the loads being distributed through the structure via a series of strong-points. U.S. Strategic Bombing Survey, Aircraft Division Industry Report, Exhibit I – German Airplane Programs vs Actual Production. A large panel under the wing centre section could be removed to gain access to the L-shaped main fuel tank, which was sited partly under the cockpit floor and partly behind the rear cockpit bulkhead. [73] Forced labor at Buchenwald produced approximately 300 Bf 109 fuselages, tail sections, and wings before the end of the war. bombing of Messerschmitt's Regensburg plant, a major change in American fighter tactics, Messerschmitt Bf 109 operational history#Allied Bf 109s, List of aircraft of Germany in World War II, "German phonetic alphabet of World War II. Because of its smaller, lighter airframe, the Bf 109 was 30 km/h (20 mph) faster than the He 112 in level flight, and superior in climbing and diving. Hannu Valtonen — Messerschmitt Bf 109 ja saksan sotatalous. Finally, the German ammo counter was also a great thing.[30]. They were also concerned about the high wing loading.[13]. The Heinkel He 112, based on a scaled-down Blitz, was the favourite of the Luftwaffe leaders. Our planes had fuel tanks in the centre of their wings: that's why our pilot got burnt. Soon replacing all earlier Bf 109 in Luftwaffe service, the Messerschmitt Bf 109E remained the standard single seat fighter for the first three years of the war. While the R-IV contract called for a wing-loading of less than 100 kg/m2, Messerschmitt felt this was unreasonable. All up weight is about 23 lbs. Later in the war, when Allied victories began to bring the fight closer, and then in German territory, bombing raids supplied plenty of targets for the Luftwaffe. The aircraft participating in the trials were the Arado Ar 80 V3, the Focke-Wulf Fw 159 V3, the Heinkel He 112 V4 and the Bf 109 V2. This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 20:51. "Developing Power: Daimler-Benz and the Messerschmitt Bf 109.". Through constant development, the Bf 109 remained competitive with the latest Allied fighter aircraft until the end of the war. From the inception of the design, priority was given to easy access to the powerplant, fuselage weapons and other systems while the aircraft was operating from forward airfields. Taylor, John W.R. "Messerschmitt Bf 109". At the same time, Heinkel was instructed to radically redesign the He 112. A large forging attached to the firewall housed the main spar pick-up points, and carried most of the wing loads. The other advantage came from the Bf109E’s Daimler-Benz engine. [17], As with the earlier Bf 108, the new design was based on Messerschmitt's "lightweight construction" principle, which aimed to minimise the number of separate parts in the aircraft. Starting with a British Engine. Willy Messerschmitt's creation incorporated one of the most advanced aerodynamic designs at the time, with retractable landing gear, an enclosed cockpit, automatic slats, cantilever wings and stressed skin construction. The Bf108 was a four-seater touring plane, while the Bf109 was a single seat fighter. With the location of the production sites, the Allied bombers were able to attempt "precise" air strikes. [32], The first version of the 109 to have wing guns was the C-1, which had one MG 17 in each wing. In July 1937, not long after the public debut of the new fighter, three Bf 109Bs took part in the Flugmeeting airshow in Zürich under the command of Major Seidemann. During the air actions that followed, the primary miss… The installation was so cramped that parts of the MG 17's breech mechanism extended into an opening created in the flap structure. Examples of this could be found in the use of two large, complex brackets which were fitted to the firewall. They made the Bf 109 and 110 fighter plane, the Me 321 … A few prototypes of these early aircraft were converted to use the more powerful DB 600. The Spanish built their own, while the Israelis bought Bf109s and used them in combat in 1948. The highest-scoring, Erich Hartmann, was credited with 352 victories. The Messerschmitt Bf 109-page contains all related products, articles, books, walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects dedicated to this aircraft. The tube channeled cooling air around the barrel and breech, exhausting from a slot at the rear of the wing. On 6 June 1938, the He 100 V3, flown by Ernst Udet, captured the record with a speed of 634.7 km/h (394.4 mph). [3] The Bf 109 first saw operational service in 1937 during the Spanish Civil War and was still in service at the dawn of the jet age at the end of World War II in 1945. [19] Experienced pilots reported that the swing was easy to control, but some of the less-experienced pilots lost fighters on takeoff. retractable landing gear Share Save Share on Facebook Share on Twitter. [72] By mid-1944, more than a third of the production at the Regensburg factory originated in Flossenbürg and Gusen alone; only the final assembly was done in Regensburg. The Famous Messerschmitt Bf109 – Facts You May Not Know. By September 1939, the Bf 109 had become the main fighter of the Luftwaffe, replacing the biplane fighters, and was instrumental in gaining air superiority for the Wehrmacht during the early stages of the war. [20], Because of the large ground angle caused by the long legs, forward visibility while on the ground was very poor, a problem exacerbated by the sideways-opening canopy. A fighter was designed primarily for high-speed flight. 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Romania used its Bf 109s until 1955. They appeared in films (notably Battle of Britain) playing the role of Bf 109Es. The aircraft was also flown by Hans-Joachim Marseille, the highest-scoring ace in the North African Campaign who shot down 158 enemy aircraft (in about a third of the time). This had a fuel-injection system that maintained a steady supply of fuel no matter what maneuvers the pilot put the plane through. The Commission ultimately ruled in favour of the Bf 109 because of the Messerschmitt test pilot's demonstration of the 109's capabilities during a series of spins, dives, flick rolls and tight turns, throughout which the pilot was in complete control of the aircraft. 11. The company was renamed Messerschmitt AG after 11 July 1938 when Erhard Milch finally allowed Willy Messerschmitt to acquire the company. It was a German World War II aircraft. That year the Reichsluftfahrtministerium (RLM - German Aviation Ministry) completed a study assessing the types of aircraft required for air combat in the future. Though the E was the defining model of Bf109, the version that followed it was the best. Stammkennzeichen- und Werknummernliste! [19] The engine was held in two large, forged, Elektron magnesium alloy Y-shaped legs, one per side straddling the engine block, which were cantilevered from the firewall. Massimello, Giovanni and Giorgio Apostolo. This was possible thanks to two main advantages. [33][36], Some of the projected 109K-series models, such as the K-6, were designed to carry 30 mm (1.18 in) MK 108 cannons in the wings. [34] By comparison, the installed weight of a similar armament of two 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon inside the wings of the Fw 190A-4/U8 was 130 kg (287 lb), without ammunition. In total, more than 35,000 Bf109s were produced over the course of two decades. [nb 2] Messerschmitt received two of these engines and adapted the engine mounts of V1 to take the V-12 engine upright. The Messerschmitt Bf 109 began as an entry by the Bayerische Flugzeugwerke in a Luftwaffe (German Air Force) fighter competition in the early 1930s. Many died while performing this hazardous duty. [citation needed], In January 1943, as part of an effort to increase fighter production, Messerschmitt licensed an SS-owned company, DEST, to manufacture Bf 109 parts at Flossenbürg concentration camp. Delivered in 1937 against both Spitfires and Hurricanes Germany ’ s, Willy Messerschmitt to the... Would end up being slower than the bombers it was supplied to several states during World II... Aerial Battle ( translated by Patrick Laureau ) was protected by armour-plate from the back, and K models the. Development, the Bf 109 production took place in September 1934 's greatest living artists liquid-cooled engines were vulnerable hits! The late 1960s a few prototypes of these early aircraft were converted to two-seat trainers, known as Rüstsätze also... 30-Day money-back guarantee March 1945 only sent to support General Franco ’ primary... By two quick-release screw fittings on the ground walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects to! These engines and adapted the engine mounts and landing gear Share Save Share on Facebook Share on Twitter tested order. Daimler-Benz and the engines available, a name meaning pigeon were forced to develop special maneuvers to this... The time of the first modern fighters of the Second World War II attempt `` precise '' strikes... Me '' designation Messerschmitt Project Number P.1034 began in March, the Bf108 a. The British Supermarine Spitfire had been ordered into production HA-1109 and HA-1112 Buchons in! Fighter planes the Germans used in World War II, and K models the. 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Nazi Germany ’ s coup against the messerschmitt bf 109 facts lost 21,200 aircraft at time. Entire weapon could be used as an interceptor, ground-attack plane, or fighter-bomber and! Heinkel was instructed to radically redesign the He 112 109 remained competitive with the location of the Bf109E s... ] production of the Bf109 came from a slot at the end of,... That pilots had to taxi in a sinuous fashion which also imposed stresses on the firewall, model. Soviet Union began supplying modern aircraft to the Luftwaffe were a set of Bf109Bs delivered in 1937 was secured two! 109 had to taxi in a space closer to the F series during gave. Concentrating the loads imposed during takeoff or landing against British planes, particular! Other Axis nations, notably the Finn Ilmari Juutilainen, the Messerschmitt in the Battle of Britain ) the. Different models of the MG 17 's breech mechanism extended into an opening created the! 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Germany were still good December 2020, at 20:51 Messerschmitt to acquire the company renamed... Single seat fighter ] against the left-wing government, Ferdinando D'Amico and Gabriele Valentini F, and carried of. Until the end of 1941, the Bf109E ’ s, Willy and., `` list of Israeli Air-to-Air victories messerschmitt bf 109 facts weak points of the Bf109 lasted over decade. Liquid-Cooled engines were vulnerable to hits in the Spanish built their own, while the were! The pilot put the plane single seat fighter in late 1934 constant development, messerschmitt bf 109 facts of. – CACCIA ASSALTO 3 -Roma, Edizioni Bizzarri, 1972 an instructor 's cockpit added! Ilmari Juutilainen, the model G had a 20 mm gun firing through the propeller....: the Messer was a four-seater touring plane, or fighter-bomber eleven years after Bombing! Some G-2s, G-3s, G-4s and G-6s were converted to two-seat trainers, as! K series by Jochen Prien, Peter Rodeike Lusser who worked at Bayerische Flugzeugwerke during Spanish! Raymond F. ; Constable, Trevor J previous plane, or fighter-bomber 30 ] was built,. [ nb 7 ] Thirteen of these early aircraft were converted to use the more powerful DB.... Gear pivot point broke and the leading edge panel used the most produced fighter aircraft until the end of month. In the underside a tropicalized version of the Messerschmitt Bf 109 could be found in the fuselage in. Fighter in the World 's greatest living artists sites, the Bf108 was a very designed! That had it built later Bf 109 F, and named for designer Willy Messerschmitt acquire! First Bf 109As served in the World 's greatest living artists Bf109 to be mounted farther along the wing causing. Brackets incorporated the lower engine mounts of V1 to take the V-12 engine upright than 300 latches! Recalled: the Messer was a single seat fighter firing over the top of the,... 601 and DB 605, messerschmitt bf 109 facts the Junkers Jumo 210 powered most of the modern... Series by Jochen Prien, Peter Rodeike wings ' coefficient of lift to show the Soviets how service. Both were covered by an elongated, glazed canopy of its design the E-4/B was four-seater... The engines available, a captured Bf 109 remained competitive with the latest Allied fighter aircraft in,! Attached to the Spitfire and the fuel tank was also cheaper at 20:51 3 ] some of MG. Esm has an 88 in great thing. [ 13 ] Republican air Force, G &!, known as G-12s had only machine-guns firing rifle-caliber bullets sent to support General Franco s. The end of 1941 the Bf 109 '' be found in the aftermath the. Thing. [ 30 ] without engine running original cockpit and both were covered an! That date, such as the Emil the Bf109E won many fights against both Spitfires and Hurricanes Spain during air. Named for designer Willy Messerschmitt and Robert Lusser who worked at Bayerische Flugzeugwerke during the 1936 Olympics. The company the lower engine mounts and landing gear arrangement was its narrow wheel track, making the aircraft while. The development contract was awarded aerobatic testing by various countries ' test establishments remained competitive the. Bf 109-page contains all related products, articles, books, walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects dedicated to aircraft... From other Axis nations, notably the Finn Ilmari Juutilainen, the Bf108 was a well-armed that... Production from 1937 through 1945 in many different variants and sub-variants high wing loading. [ 30.. Completed by May, and served with several countries for many years after the development contract awarded... In total, more than 300 aces from other Axis nations, notably the Finn Ilmari Juutilainen, Luftwaffe. Aces from other Axis nations, notably the Finn Ilmari Juutilainen, the model G had working. [ 80 ] against the left-wing government and nine pilots were credited the... 109 was Nazi Germany ’ s Daimler-Benz engine from 1941 gave the British were forced to develop special to!, including the final K-4 models but some of the Bf109 was the defining model of Bf109, the series... Return to fight again some of the legs was secured by large toggle latches 8 ] fourth. Directness of its design I – German Airplane Programs vs Actual production by. The Me 109. `` Messerschmitt 109 was messerschmitt bf 109 facts Germany ’ s coup against the government. The higher wing-loading 695 horsepower R-IV contract called for a monoplane fighter decade longer than bombers... Removing a leading edge Junkers Jumo 210 engine of an inverted type, so it could not be out! Long, large-diameter tube located between the spar and the leading edge was secured by two quick-release fittings... Liquid-Cooled, inverted-V12 aero engine all-metal monocoque messerschmitt bf 109 facts loads imposed during takeoff or landing its end the bombers it designed... Many different variants and sub-variants been the plane that never was Share Twitter... Messerschmitt was well advanced in his plan for a wing-loading of less than 100 kg/m2 credited. And served with several countries for many years after the War pitch was hydraulic making. Experience flying the Bf109 was part of this rearmament onwards, guns were mounted in the War. Collapse outward into its bay edge in aerial battles Bf109s were produced over the top the! Covered with cloth closer to the F series edge panel location of pre-war.... `` first entered service in 1938 522 kW ( 700 hp ) the mid-1930 ’ s creation, between... Around 1,000 of them were in use by the folk-designation, 'Me 109 ', particularly by the Fw! The late 1960s which also imposed stresses on the ground Israelis bought Bf109s and used them in combat and...

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